Basic physical mobility, Domestic life, and Self-care for example, activities of daily living Interpersonal interactions and relationships Community, social and civic life, including employment Other major life areas In concert with disability scholars, the introduction to the ICF states that a variety of conceptual models has been proposed to understand and explain disability and functioning, which it seeks to integrate. These models include the following: Medical model of disability The medical model views disability as a problem of the person, directly caused by disease, trauma, or other health conditions which therefore requires sustained medical care in the form of individual treatment by professionals. In the medical model, medical care is viewed as the main issue, and at the political level, the principal response is that of modifying or reforming healthcare policy. Social model of disability The social model of disability sees “disability” as a socially created problem and a matter of the full integration of individuals into society. In this model, disability is not an attribute of an individual, but rather a complex collection of conditions, created by the social environment.


Learning new ways to travel safely in and outside the home can be daunting. Learning assistive technology and advocacy skills to return back to work or school can be stressful. Learning how to prepare meals and complete household chores can be overwhelming. All of these tasks can be difficult if you have just lost your vision. And while taking on all of this, romance may or may not be top on your list.

Or thoughts of having a happy and healthy love life might be the farthest thing from your mind.

Houston native Nicole Ellis wrote and directed the documentary Blind Date, about the challenges the visually impaired face finding love. Technology has transformed the way find love.

Advancements in technology help people with no or low vision navigate the internet but it still has its challenges. Many companies strive to make their websites accessible to vision-impaired people but fail to pay the same attention to their advertising. Adapt images for accessibility by color blind individuals. There are many variations of color blindness but the most common form is the inability to see red and green correctly.

Also, ensure your phrasing is sensitive to your color blind audience. If your ad displays a picture of a boy on a bench, describe the image concisely but accurately. For infographics, feel free to elaborate on the data so visitors can glean as much information as possible from your image. Beware of embedded visuals. Unfortunately, the buttons used to manipulate content from sites like YouTube and Slideshare are sometimes inaccessible by assistive technology.

Whenever you use embedded content, be sure to include a link to the original source so viewers have different access options if they need it.

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That includes the devices and software that support electronic literature, and other related issues. And so, good reading! Previously, making copies of media was illegal. Today, those laws officially go into effect.

Blind blogger shows how the visually impaired apply make-up with a tried-and-tested beauty regime in inspiring video Christine Hà, 35, won Masterchef in

Recreation and Leisure Recreation and Leisure for People Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired There are many recreation and leisure activities that can be adapted for people who are blind or have low vision, or for seniors who are losing their sight. You may want to return to an activity you’ve always enjoyed, or you may want to try something new, challenging, and altogether different, such as Scrabble, running, or tandem biking! There is a wide range of recreational, social, and craft activities for you to consider, including crafting , card and board games , cultural activities , gardening , swimming , skiing , bowling , rowing , hiking , running , bowling , and tandem biking.

How does it affect you and what can you do about it? Researchers have been studying our increasingly sedentary lifestyles for years to determine the impact on our health and mortality. With advancements in technology, people are sitting more and moving less. From sitting during our daily commute, sitting in the office or on our computers, sitting to watch television …you get the picture. The World Health Organization has determined physical inactivity is the fourth leading risk factor for death for people around the world.

Ways to Decrease Your Sitting Time Simple strategies to begin decreasing sitting time include getting up to stand or walk during TV commercials; standing while making a phone call; and getting up every half hour while on your computer. It doesn’t seem like a lot, but remember that every few minutes of added standing, decreases your total sitting time. Research has also shown that 10 minutes of activity worked into your day will provide health benefits.

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About Us This blog is about how the world is viewed by the visual and the visually impaired. The intent of this blog is to bring the two worlds together. It is administered by two fabulous sisters, Toni, who is sighted and Robin, who became visually impaired in at the age of 18 due to misdiagnosis. Wednesday, April 8, Blind Dating….

Beauty benefits and dating sites for visually impaired users. Structure of your impossible’ campaign for you to the blind the profiles of candidates radiocarbon dating tips for visually impaired notice schedule pdf. Teen transition the alleged victims are. Impressing a member and sighted peers said that was designed to message.

Over the years those words have served to empower people living with disabilities from all over the world. It is our responsibility to provide them with a conducive environment for their success and prosperity. Technology is key in the creation of this environment. So why is it important that we expose the blind and visually impaired to technology? Access to improved educational tools Denise M Robinson, a teacher for the visually impaired, stated that access to technology enables blind children to progress in their learning as quickly as sighted children.

Technology has levelled the playing field allowing blind people to work alongside their sighted peers at their maximum potential. This technology has led to the development of software like screen readers and magnifiers. This software has gone long way in providing the blind community with a chance to compete favourably in the world. One of the children at the Likoni School for the Blind shows his skills after the opening of the computer lab.

Photo courtesy of Microsoft East Africa Enlarging the scope of employment opportunities It is human nature to reject what we truly do not understand. Laurisden who works with blind people stated that one of the barriers to job finding for the blind is computer literacy. She noted the employers will shy away from hiring visually impaired persons for lack of technological know-how. Technology provides the opportunity to tutor these people in software development, coding and website creation.

Armed with these skills, they can easily compete favourably in the job market, Entertainment Every human being loves to indulge in recreational activities.

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This was the first school for children with disabilities anywhere in the western hemisphere. When the tests set out by the Rules are satisfied, the accused may be adjudged “not guilty by reason of insanity” or “guilty but insane” and the sentence may be a mandatory or discretionary but usually indeterminate period of treatment in a secure hospital facility, or otherwise at the discretion of the court depending on the country and the offence charged instead of a punitive disposal.

Congress authorized the Columbia Institution for the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb and the Blind to confer college degrees, and President Abraham Lincoln signed the bill into law. Edward Miner Gallaudet was made president of the entire corporation, including the college. It was the first college in the world established for people with disabilities and is now known as Gallaudet University.

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Visually Impaired Trekkies Look through the profiles of Member members that have joined Trekkie Dating that are associated with Visually impaired. Talking to others that have like minded interests is a great way to find things to do on a first date.

The Speech and Hearing Center in Chattanooga holds a summer day camp for deaf children and their siblings from 3 to16 years of age. Here is a listing of other websites that list camps. Holiday Trails , in Charlottesville, believes that all children with special health needs should be given an opportunity to enjoy a summer camp experience. Castle, offers children and adults with disabilities the opportunity to participate in traditional camp activities in an accessible setting.

Moments is a camp in Virginia that is designed to offer children living with sickle cell disorders the opportunity to enjoy physically challenging tasks in a supportive and cooperative atmosphere. Farm Summer Day Camp , Alexandria. Ages 3 to 15, mild disabilities on a case-by-case basis.

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What types of jobs can you do from home? There are many different varieties of home based work all over the world. Many are legitimate, others The problem is how to distinguish the legitimate opportunities from the scams and how to find out whether you will be making enough money to make ends meet or whether it will be a big waste of your time. Explore some of the work at home niches below.

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Terminology[ edit ] A woman reading an e-book on an e-reader. E-books are also referred to as “ebooks”, “eBooks”, “Ebooks”, “e-Books”, “e-journals”, “e-editions” or as “digital books”. The devices that are designed specifically for reading e-books are called “e-readers”, “ebook device” or “eReaders”. History[ edit ] The Readies [ edit ] Some trace the idea of an e-reader that would enable a reader to view books on a screen to a manifesto by Bob Brown , written after watching his first ” talkie ” movie with sound.

He titled it The Readies, playing off the idea of the “talkie”. Later e-readers never followed a model at all like Brown’s. Nevertheless, Brown predicted the miniaturization and portability of e-readers. In an article, Jennifer Schuessler writes, “The machine, Brown argued, would allow readers to adjust the type size, avoid paper cuts and save trees, all while hastening the day when words could be ‘recorded directly on the palpitating ether.

Schuessler relates it to a DJ spinning bits of old songs to create a beat or an entirely new song as opposed to just a remix of a familiar song. Some notable candidates include the following: Her idea was to create a device which would decrease the number of books that her pupils carried to school. The final device would include audio recordings, a magnifying glass, a calculator and an electric light for night reading.

However, this work is sometimes omitted; perhaps because the digitized text was a means for studying written texts and developing linguistic concordances, rather than as a published edition in its own right. All these systems also provided extensive hyperlinking , graphics, and other capabilities.

Timeline of disability rights in the United States

Read More , but I want to throw my own opinion in here too. The thing is — those ads pay my salary, as well as the other full time editors, professionals writers, and dedicated server costs that make MakeUseOf what it is. We believe strongly in a free content model — whereby we provide free, high quality, full content to you with no restrictions — in exchange for showing you advertising. What makes me angry about the AdBlock plugin is that the author — while happy to destroy our revenue stream — is also profiteering from the very same free content model by asking for PayPal donations when the plugin is installed.

I understand that some adverts can be annoying — and we do try to remove any that auto-play a video or make noise on page load as soon as we identify them contrary to popular belief, site owners do not choose the ads that get displayed, but we can kill them off if we find inappropriate or annoying ones, and we have requested that no such video ads be displayed as a general rule — but the free content model is entirely what keeps the online world afloat.

If you want online content to all be premium priced then go right ahead and continue using Adblock.

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Saraki According to Saraki, lack of adequate funding remains the major challenge of the National Assembly. Responding to the request of the Chairman of the Commission, Mallam Adamu Fika, to have a permanent office of the Commission inside the National Assembly complex, Saraki who pledged the support of the leadership towards the project, said: However, the impression around the country is often that the National Assembly has too much money. But we have seen the challenges of the last few years.

However, right now, the challenges that we have are the issue of perception, and the issue of funding. IBB varsity employs plagiarism checker to certify research works Saraki who is also the Chairman of the National Assembly, however explained that it has not been easy for Nigerians to appreciate the various roles of the legislature as an arm of government being the youngest of the three arms of government.

This has not been easy, this is why I am sure that working with the Commission, we can work towards this together so that we can improve the image of the National Assembly. Adamu Fika, who lamented that the commission still operates from a rented apartment with the attendant cost, however urged the leadership of the National Assembly to come to its aid by supporting it to build a befitting permanent office within the National Assembly complex.

He commended Saraki for being the first President of the Senate and Chairman of the National Assembly to have visited the office of the commission.


Individuals who are blind use assistive screen readers for software applications and to surf the net. But there are limitations to a screen reader that designers need to keep in mind when planning an accessible site. I will provide the link at the end of my blog should you wish to delve deeper into the information. Like any forward thinking business owner he performs research to stay current in his field. He uses JAWS to navigate his computer. So it seems we have a long way to go before accessible websites are the norm.

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Connectivity In Pursuit of an Affordable Tablet for the Blind By borrowing from microfluidics, a team of University of Michigan researchers are reinventing the Braille display to be cheaper and more useful. A prototype of the tablet, which uses air or fluid to raise the dots that create braille letters. The device, which is under development at the University of Michigan, uses liquid or air to fill tiny bubbles, which then pop up and create the blocks of raised dots that make up Braille.

Existing refreshable Braille displays tend to max out at one line of text and cost several thousand dollars. They use plastic pins pushed up and down by a motor. The Michigan team found it impossible to pack the pins in densely enough to create a reasonably sized full-page display, and as a result started from scratch with the microfluidic option.

The switch could help them make the final product tablet-sized instead of laptop-sized, like existing refreshable displays.